Biosafety is study for prevention of large-scale loss of biological integrity, focusing both on ecology and human health. Biotechnological advances in the field of life sciences have given rise to questions regarding the potential adverse effects of the genetically engineered organisms on the native biological diversity. Biosafety measures are an effective method promoting biotechnological advances, without harming the native biodiversity. Adversities originating out of biotechnological interventions in life sciences include: unintended changes in the competitiveness of modified organisms, virulence, adverse change in characteristics of target species, adverse impacts on non-target species, adverse impacts on ecosystem, potential for weediness in genetically modified crops, potential for transferring invasive genes to wild relatives, instability of the inserted gene, short & long term toxicity, short & long term allergenicity, increase in antinutritional properties from GM foods, probable genetic chages/mutations in new borns from Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).

For facilitating and regulating the research work on GMOs & products thereof at laboratory scale and also in commercial applications, the Government of India has notified “Rules for the Manufacture/Use/Import/Export and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms, Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells” through the Notification No. G.S.R.1037(E), dated 5th December, 1989 under the provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 through the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF). These rules are commonly referred as ‘Rules 1989’. The two main agencies identified for implementation of the Rules 1989 are the Ministry of Environment & Forests and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. The Rules 1989 have also defined Competent Authorities and the composition of such Authorities for handling of various biosafety aspects.

Contact Information

Gujarat State Biotechnology    Mission
Department of Science & Technology, Government of Gujarat, Udyog Bhavan, 11th Block, 9th Floor, Sector - 11 Gandhinagar - 382 017 Gujarat - INDIA
Phone: (+91) 079 23252197
E-mail: info@biosafety.org.in

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